Directives for Commercial Transportation

Directive 94/57/EEC

Directive 94/57/EEC – recognition of Classification Societies 

This Directive is part of ERICA I package. It is designed to reinforce and harmonise the Community arrangements. Safety at sea and the prevention of marine pollution can be enhanced by the effective implementation of international conventions, resolutions and codes. Member States must therefore ensure that the international provisions are strictly enforced.

Member States must make sure that they entrust the inspection, survey and certification of ships to recognised organisations only. For the cargo ship safety radio certificate, those duties may be entrusted to a private body recognised by a competent administration. The criteria to be met by such organisations are set out in an Annex to the Directive.

Member States may request reciprocal recognition if one of the above-mentioned duties is entrusted to an organisation recognised in a non-Community country. If those duties are delegated to recognised organisations, a working relationship must be established between the relevant national authorities and the recognised organisations. That working relationship should be regulated by an official agreement setting out the specific duties and functions that the organisations are to perform.

Member States may withdraw or suspend recognition of an organisation. The various stages of the procedure for suspending recognition are set out in Article 10 of the Directive. Member States are required to monitor recognised organisations or, for organisations located in another Member State, to review the control exercised over those organisations by the authorities in the other Member States. They are also required to ensure that ships flying the flag of a non-Community country do not receive more favourable treatment than ships entitled to fly the flag of a Member State.

Every Member State is required to ensure that vessels flying its flag are constructed and maintained in accordance with the requirements for the hull, machinery and electrical and control installations, as laid down by a recognised organisation. For their part, the recognised organisations must consult with each other periodically with a view to ensuring that their technical standards and the way in which they are implemented remain equivalent. Furthermore, they are to provide the Commission with periodic reports on progress made with regard to standards.