INTEGRATION

Integration of sea land technologies for an efficient intermodal door-to-door transport

The scope of the project was to select a number of ship/terminal technologies with a documented potential for improving the efficiency of multimodal chains using waterborne transport as a key element. These enabling technologies would be evaluated at physical demo sites. Modifications/adaptations to these technology elements will be performed in order to integrate individual technologies in a unique ship/shore system.

These data would also be used as input for the simulation. The enabling technologies integrated into the multimodal door-to-door transport chain were evaluated through simulation from functional and economic point of view. The impact of these technologies on the overall intermodal transport chain would be also assessed.

The different objectives of the project, all pertaining to the enhancement of the intermodal door-to-door transport system, were:
 to improve potential of small/medium ports having small spaces available to perform as larger hubs;
 to integrate and validate systems for horizontal transhipment in a maritime terminal, in order to improve ship/rail interoperability for different loading units (containers and swap bodies);
 to validate automated cargo handling and lashing operations by AGVs;
 to validate the Ro-Ro feedering of containers at a transhipment terminal, by combining quay cranes and AGVs, and to assess the benefits achieved by the consequent relief of quay cranes operation;
 to optimise Ro-Ro ship design for automated unitised cargo handling;
 to identify new concept ships, to maximise ship operation performances and cargo handling efficiency;
 to validate the effectiveness of dry port concept in order to improve harbour capacity;
 to improve short sea/feedering transport of small port to play a key role in order to allow wider distribution of freight by sea.

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