Magalog Project

The MAGALOG (Marine Fuel Gas Logistics) project,which started in December 2007 and was completed in 2008, was a European Commission funded study project under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme. The project aims included reducing the emissions from shipping, particularly in coastal and port areas, with an emphasis on the Baltic Sea area.

The project addressed:

•  the use of Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) as an   alternative fuel to provide a means of 
•  emission reduction 
•  the  establishment of LNG supply chain
and carried out the following:
                •  a market study of the likely requirement
                •  a technical feasibility study

MAGALOG chose to focus on ships in scheduled, stable trade within a limited geographical area and on certain segments of shipping such as RoRo ships, RoPax ships and Super-fast RoPax ships.
The main collaborative partners in the project (from Germany, Poland, Norway and Sweden) represent the gas industry, scientific organizations, gas interest organizations, non-governmental organizations, port authorities and city energy suppliers. Port cities, national and EU bodies, the shipping industry and other key actors were included as indirect participants. 

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has agreed to standards which are designed to significantly reduce emissions of sulphur, particles and nitrogen oxides for ships both globally and, in particular, within designated Emission Control Areas (ECA). The Baltic Sea and the North Sea (including the Channel) are Emission Control Areas in which increasingly stringent environmental standards will be introduced during 2010 – 2016.
MAGALOG aimed to provide a cleaner fuel alternative compared to conventional fuels such as heavy fuel and marine diesel while at the same time ensuring security of supply and combatting rising oil prices. LNG (liquefied natural gas) was proposed as an alternative solution to the challenge of cleaner shipping fuels, particularly for relatively short and scheduled trades in Northern Europe. The environmental qualities of LNG are superior to those of any liquid petroleum fuel. Its technical and operational viability as a fuel for ships has already been demonstrated in Norway, where a number of coastal ferries and other ships have operated on LNG for several years, with more under way. The use of LNG effectively eliminates the need for exhaust treatment, due to very low NOx-formation in the engines, as well as the absence of sulphur.
Magalog concluded that in the Baltic and North Sea, new IMO limits of SOx and NOx emissions from 2016 will make LNG as bunker fuel highly relevant and probably competitive, particularly with high oil prices and when LNG use has reached a substantial volume. LNG-fuelled ships are the strongest available tool for reducing air pollution in the Baltic Sea and the North Sea.

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